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Vocabulary words

Lesson 1: A Fine, Fine School ‚Äč

fine – very nice

principal – the leader of a school

proud – pleased with yourself or someone else

strolled – walked slowly

announced – made known

certainly – surely

soared – flew upward

worried – uneasy or anxious


Lesson 2: The Trial of Cardigan Jones

trial – a meeting in court to decide if someone has broken the law

jury – the group of people who make the decision in a trial

stand – the place where a witness in a trial sits while being questioned

guilty – having done something wrong

honest – truthful

convinced – made someone believe or agree to something

pointed – used a finger to show where something was

murmur – the sound of people speaking very softly


Lesson 3: Destiny’s Gift

block – the section of a street between two other streets

spreading – stretching something out

raise – to collect

figure – to work out by thinking

contacted – got in touch with someone

customers – people who buy something at a store

afford – to be able to pay

earn – to get something by working

Lesson 4: Pop’s Bridge

foggy – filled with thick mist or low clouds

stretch – to spread out

crew – a group of people doing work

balancing – keeping steady

tide – the rise and fall of the sea

cling – to hold tightly to something

excitement – the feeling of being stirred up

disappears – passes from sight


Lesson 5: Roberto Clemente: Pride of Pittsburgh Pirates

pronounced – said clearly and correctly

stands – seats at a stadium or ballpark

fans – great admires

league – group of teams that compete against one another

score – to make a point or points in a game

polish – to make shine; to make something better

style – a way of doing something

slammed – hit with sudden force


Lesson 6: Bat Loves the Night

detail – each part of several items of information

squeak – a short, highpitched sound

echoes – repeating sounds caused by the rebounding of sound waves from a surface

swoops – to descend quickly with a sweeping motion

twitch – to move with a slight jerk

slithers – to move in a slippery way

doze – to sleep lightly

snuggles – to curl up closely


Lesson 7: What Do Illustrators Do?

tools – things people use to help them do a job

sketches – quick drawings without much detail

scribbles – drawings or doodles, drawn in a quick or careless way

research – careful study of a subject or problem

textures – the ways that surfaces look and feel

imagine – to see a picture in your mind

illustrate – to make pictures that show or explain something

tracing – used to copy or trace lines


Lesson 8: The Harvest Birds

serious – not playful or silly; not joking

patch – a small piece of land

borrow – to use something that someone else owns and return it later

advice – ideas or suggestions about what someone should do

ashamed – feeling guilty, sorry, or embarrassed

borders – the edges of a place

separate – divide into groups

harvest – the ripe crops that are gathered


Lesson 9: Kamishibai Man

familiar – well known from being seen often

blurry – unclear or smeared

vacant – empty or not occupied

jerky – moving in sudden, uneven, or awkward ways

applause – clapping meant to show appreciation or enjoyment

blasted – made a sudden, loud sound

rude – impolite or having bad manners

rickety – shaky or likely to fall apart


Lesson 10: Young Thomas Edison

genius – extraordinary intellectual power, especially seen in creative ability

signal – a sound, motion, or other sign that sends a message

electric – powered by electricity, a form of energy caused by the motion of electrons and protons

laboratory – a place where scientists work and do experiments

gadget – a small, useful machine or device

experiment– a test to find out or prove

invention – an original device, system, or process

occasional – happening from time to time


Lesson 11: Technology Wins the Game

power – strength

fraction – a part of a whole unit

contribute – to help or add to

process – the steps taken to complete a task

compete – to try to do something better than others

improve – to get better

flexible – able to bend

athletes – people who do physical exercise or play sports


Lesson 12: Tops and Bottoms

crops – plants that are grown, especially those grown for food

profit – the amount of money left after the cost of doing business is subtracted from the amount of money earned

scowled – made an angry facial expression

grunted – made a short, low sound in the back of the throat

hollered – yelled

risky – dangerous

tugged – pulled strongly

plucked – pulled off or out quickly


Lesson 13: Yonder Mountain: A Cherokee Legend

fondly – in a loving or caring way

mist – a fine spray or light fog

peak – the top of a mountain or hill

rugged – rough and uneven

pausing– stopping briefly

steep – having a sharp slope

examined – looked at closely

pleaded – begged or requested urgently


Lesson 14: Aero & Officer Mike

ability – skill

patrol – walk through an area to watch or guard it

loyal – faithful

partners – two people who work together

shift – the period of a time a worker does his or her job

snap – to bite quickly

lying – resting in a flat position

quiver – to shake or tremble


Lesson 15: The Extra-good Sunday
recommended – suggested

ingredients – parts of a mixture

cross – angry

degrees – units used to measure temperature

festive – merry

tense – edgy or stressed

remarked – said

anxiously – with worry or eagerness


Lesson 16: Judy Moody Saves the World!

shade – an area where direct sunlight is blocked

dripping – coming down in drops

carton – a paper or cardboard box

hardly – not very much

rubbish – trash

recycle – to treat or process in order to use again

global – worldwide complicated – hard to understand or deal with; difficult

pollution – that state of being dirty or not pure

project – a special undertaking


Lesson 17: The Albertosaurus Mystery

buried – covered up

location – place where something is

remains – what is left

clues – things that help solve a mystery or problem

skeletons – frameworks of bones inside or outside of bodies

evidence – facts that lead to a conclusion or help people find out what is true

fossils – very old traces or remains of plants or animals

prove – to show by using facts

fierce – very wild and dangerous

uncovering – opening to view


Lesson 18: A Tree is Growing

passages – narrow paths or channels

spines – sharp, pointy growths

tropical – having to do with the warm areas of the Earth near the equator

store – to put away for later use

throughout– all the way through

absorb – take in or soak up

dissolve – to seem to disappear when mixed with liquid

clumps – groups or bunches of things, especially plants and dirt

coverings – the outsides of things, usually serving as protection

pollen – tiny yellow grains made by flowering plants


Lesson 19: Two Bear Cubs

ignored – refused to pay attention to someone or something

hesitation – doubt or uncertainty

greedily – in an excessive manner

scolding – using harsh language to correct someone

drowsy – almost asleep

base – the lowest, bottom, or supporting part of something

console – to provide comfort to someone in distress

burden – a load being carried

heroic – brave

glancing – looking at something quickly


Lesson 20 Life on the Ice

wilderness – a wild, unlived-in area of land

gliding – sliding, moving, or flying along with ease

region – a certain area or space

colony – a group of people or animals that live together

shelter – a place that covers or protects

unexpected – without warning

overheated – heated beyond the safe point

constant – always the same

climate – usual weather conditions in an area over many years

layer – one thickness


Lesson 21: Sarah, Plain and Tall

slick – having a smooth, glossy, or slippery surface

rough – having a bumpy, knobby, or uneven surface

fetch – to go after and bring back somebody or something

batted – struck at something

buzzing – making a low, humming sound

rustle – a swishing or soft cracking sound

clattered – made a loud rattling noise

thumped – hit in a way that made a loud dull sound

sniff – breathe in through the nose to see how something smells

prairie – a treeless, grass-covered plain in the Midwest


Lesson 22: The Journey: Stories of Migration

landscape – scenery

survival – the act of staying alive

dramatic – exciting

solid – firm and hard

thunderous – very loud

chilly – cold

migrate – to move to another place

accidents – unexpected injuries

frightening – scary

plenty – more than enough


Lesson 23: The Journey of Oliver K. Woodman

conversations – talks with someone

currently – as of now

loaded – piled

loveliest – most beautiful, most delightful

inspired– caused someone to act, think, or feel a certain way

managed – succeeded

pleasure – enjoyment

sincere – honest, truthful

terror – great fear

reunion – a coming together again


Lesson 24: Dog of the Sea Waves

guided – led or steered in the right direction

rippled – flowed or covered with small waves

arrival – the act of coming to a place

twisted – wound together

aboard – onto a ship or other mode of transportation

bay – sheltered water area

lava – melted rock that flows from a volcano

anchor – big hook that keeps a ship in place

spotted – caught sight of

voyage – a long trip


Lesson 25: Mountains: Surviving on Mt. Everest

approached – came near

altitude – height above Earth’s surface

tanks – containers

slopes – a slanted surface

section – part or area

increases– becomes more

avalanches – snow or rock slides on a mountain

halt – a temporary stop

succeed – accomplish something attempted

equipment – supplies


Lesson 26: The Foot Race Across America

principal – the leader of a school

proud – pleased with yourself or someone else

announced – made known

advice – ideas or suggestions about what someone should do

loyal – faithful

ability – skill

absorb – take in or soak up

loveliest – most beautiful, most delightful

compete –

approached – came near


Lesson 27: The Power of Magnets

research – careful study of a subject or problem

tools – things people use to help them do a job

familiar – well known from being seen often

gadget – a small, useful machine or device

invention – an original device, system, or process

experiment– a test to find out or prove

electric – powered by electricity, a form of energy caused by the motion of electrons and protons

power – strength

prove – to show to be true by backing up with facts

improve – to get better


Lesson 28: Becoming Anything He Wants to Be

throughout – in, to, or through every part of

textures – the ways that surfaces look and feel

peak – the top of a mountain or hill

steep – having a sharp slope

tropical – having to do with the warm areas of the Earth near the equator

landscape – scenery

slopes – a stretch of ground that slants upward or downward

altitude – a height measured from sea level or from the earth’s surface

survival – the act of staying alive

equipment – things that are needed for a purpose


Lesson 29: A New Team of Heroes

excitement – the feeling of being stirred up

score – to make a point or points in a game

athletes – people who do physical exercise or play sports

tense – edgy or stressed

succeed – to carry out something desired or tried

league – group of teams that compete against one another

earn – to get something by working

partners – two people who work together

pleasure – a feeling of happiness or enjoyment; delight

contribute – to help or add to


Lesson 30: Saving Buster

worried – uneasy or anxious

certainly – surely

raise – to collect

afford – to be able to pay

applause – clapping meant to show appreciation or enjoyment

anxiously – with worry or eagerness

dramatic – exciting

guided – to show the way to; direct

ingredients – parts of a mixture

fetch – to go and bring back